Veer Savarkar Biography, Apology, Poetry: Information About Veer Savarkar

Veer Savarkar Biography, Apology, Poetry: Information About Veer Savarkar: The brave fighters of India who risked their lives to liberate India are still known by their names and one’s chest is lifted with pride by taking their name. Even today Indians take inspiration from his life and always try to follow his guidance.

One such name which is taken with great pride in Indian history is “Vinayak Damodar Savarkar” who is still seen as an Indian nationalist. Let us know his life very closely today and read some interesting facts related to his life.

Veer Savarkar Biography
Veer Savarkar Biography

Veer Savarkar Biography, Apology, Poetry: Information About Veer Savarkar

Veer Savarkar BiographyInformation About Veer Savarkar
Full Name: Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
Nick Name Veer Savarkar
Other Name: Veer Savarkar
Birth 28 May 1883
Birth Place Nashik, Mumbai, India
Nationality Indian
Hometown Nashik
Marital Status Married
Wife’s name Yamunabai
Source of inspiration (Role Model) Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Lala Lajpat Rai, Vipin Chandra Pal
Caste Hindu, Brahmin
Profession Lawyer, Politician, Writer and Activist
Genre Advocating, propagating Hindutva
Food Habit Vegetarian
Educational Qualification Advocacy
Hobbies: Taking India towards Hindutva
Death 26 February 1966

Who is Veer Savarkar?

Veer Savarkar was a great historical revolutionary in India’s freedom struggle. He was a great orator, scholar, prolific writer, historian, poet, philosopher and social worker. Veer Savarkar’s real name was Vinayak Damodar Savarkar.

Veer Savarkar was born on 28 May 1883 in Bhagpur village near Nashik. His elder brother Ganesh (Babrao), was a major source of prestige in his life. Veer Savarkar was very young when his father Damodarpant Savarkar and mother Radhabai died.

Veer Savarkar had founded a major organization named ‘Mitra Mela’, which greatly influenced the people who participated in the fight for the “complete political independence” of India. Members of Mitra Mela also used to help people suffering from menstrual disease in Nashik. Later, he called Mitra Mela as ‘Abhinav Bharat’ and declared that India should be independent.

Due to Veer Savarkar’s participation in the Indian independence movement, the British government withdrew his graduation degree from him. In June 1906, Veer Savarkar went to London to become a lawyer. He wrote a book based on the Indian War of Independence in 1857, which was banned by the British.

While he was living in London, he encouraged Indian students in England to rebel against their British colonial masters. He supported the use of weapons in India’s freedom struggle.

Veer Savarkar was being sent from London to India on 13 March 1910 for investigation of his case, although the ship had just reached Marseilles, France when Veer Savarkar escaped from there, but was arrested by the French police.

He was sentenced to imprisonment in the Andamans on 24 December 1910. The establishment of a library in the jail was the result of his efforts. He tried to impart education to the illiterate criminals in jail. On the demand of great leaders like Vitthalbhai Patel, Tilak and Gandhi, Savarkar was sent back to India on 2 May 1921.

Veer Savarkar was imprisoned in Ratnagiri jail and after that he was shifted to Yerwada jail. He also wrote a book named ‘Hindutva’ in Ratnagiri jail itself. He was released from jail on 6 January 1924. He later founded the Ratnagiri Hindu Mahasabha to preserve the ancient Indian culture and work towards social welfare.

Later he joined the Swaraj Party formed by Tilak and founded a separate political party as Hindu Mahasabha and was elected as its President. This party opposed the formation of Pakistan. Nathuram Godse, who assassinated Gandhiji, was also a member of the Hindu Mahasabha. Veer Savarkar was accused by the Government of India in the Mahatma Gandhi assassination case, but he was proved innocent by the Supreme Court of India. He died on 26 February 1966 at the age of 83.

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar’s family

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was born on May 28, 1883 in a Marathi Chitpavan Brahmin Hindu family of Damodar and Radhabai Savarkar in Bhagur village near Nashik city of Maharashtra. Vinayak Damodar Savarkar also had a sister named Maina and two additional siblings named Ganesh and Narayan.

Who Gave the Title of Veer to Savarkar?

The great nationalist great man was given the title of Veer, but who gave the title of Veer to Savarkar? This question must have come to your mind at some time or the other, while discussing about it, we will have to go back in history. This was the year of 1936 when Congress There was a debate on a statement due to which Congress blacklisted Savarkar from its party and once Savarkar ji had gone to Pune for his speech program, some Congressmen came forward with black flags to protest against him.

But despite this, a crowd of thousands came to listen to Savarkar, then the famous poet, dramatist and filmmaker PK Atre, seeing this, asked the Congressmen that the one who was not afraid of black water, would be afraid of black flags, saying this, Atre made Savarkar the first person to speak. Once given the title of Swatantra Veer Savarkar, not only here but after this also. Seeing Savarkar ji’s patriotism, he could not stop himself from saying that after Dhyaneshwar in Maharashtra, there has been no writer more brilliant than Savarkar.

Veer Savarkar book (Revolt of 1857)

He thought so deeply about the guerrilla war of the 1857 rebellion that he wrote a book on that war. The name of that book was The History of the War of the Indian Independence. There was an uproar among the British government after seeing this book, hence the British government banned this book. Despite this, Bihar Karti’s book became very popular and later he distributed this book among his friends.

What Did Savarkar Do for the Country?

Savarkar was not hungry for his name and status like other leaders, that is why today his deeds have to be searched, till date no great man has been asked for proof of his deeds, Savarkar directly told the British to run away. I also stayed with Gandhiji for some time, but due to Gandhiji’s non-violence policy, only we Indians were being exploited.

The British rule insulted Indian customs and traditions and was destroying the patriotism in our hearts from within. Indians were told that they were very weak and without the British they would be able to live like animals.

But Savarkar had understood this, so to rekindle our patriotism, he composed a book named ‘Swatantrya Samar 1857’. When the British came to know about this book, they got it published throughout the British rule. And Savarkar was given life imprisonment for 2 births. The British had understood very well that they were in many times more danger from the pen of Savarkar than the speech of leaders like Gandhi and Nehru.

Veer Savarkar Mafinama (Truth of Apology)

When Veer Savarkar was sentenced to Kala Pani, he had given a petition to the British government, in which he had said that – ‘If he is released, he will distance himself from the freedom struggle movements of India, and will be against the British government. Will be absolutely loyal. And when he came out of jail after completing his sentence, he did not break his promise and did not get involved in any revolutionary activity.

However, no one knows the truth of this apology because there is no record of it. There has been a lot of controversy regarding this matter. The controversy is happening because the Central Government wants to give Bharat Ratna to Veer Savarkar. But every time Congress has targeted the Central Government that Veere Savarkar is not worthy of Bharat Ratna. There has been a lot of controversy on this issue many times.

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar Passes Away

  • Savarkar’s wife Yamunabai died on November 8, 1963.
  • Vinayak Damodar Savarkar gave up food, water and medicines on February 1, 1966, a day he referred to as Atmarpan (fast till death).
  • In an article titled “Suicide Not Self-Surrender”, which he published before his demise, he said that when the purpose of one’s life is fulfilled and one is no longer able to benefit the society, then till death It is better to end one’s life rather than wait.
  • Efforts to revive him failed, and Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was declared dead at his home in Bombay (now Mumbai) at 11:10 am on February 26, 1966.

His condition before his death was described as being “very serious”. Vinayak Damodar Savarkar had requested his family to completely bury him and skip Hindu rites for the 10th and 13th days before he died. As a result, his son Vishwas performed his last rites the next day at an electric crematorium in the Sonapur neighborhood of Bombay.

Some Interesting Facts Related to Savarkar’s Life

  • Veer Savarkar had declared himself an atheist, yet he followed Hindu religion whole-heartedly. And also used to encourage people to move towards it. Because in terms of political and cultural identity, they considered themselves Hindu and if someone called them Hindu, they felt very proud.
  • He never believed in Hindutva as a religion. While he saw Hindutva as his identity, he rejected thousands of orthodox beliefs that were associated with Hinduism, but those beliefs had no basis in an individual’s life.
  • He also played the political aspect of his life very well, he basically adopted a main mixture of humanism, rationalism, universalism, positivism, utilitarianism and realism in his life.
  • Along with patriotism, both of them raised their voice against some social evils of India such as caste discrimination and untouchability which were considered prevalent practices during their time.
  • He said that the best and most inspiring time of his life was the time he spent in jail during the Kala Pani sentence. While in jail during the sentence of Kala Paani, he also wrote a book named Kala Paani which gives a complete description of the struggling life of Indian independence activists.

FAQ: Veer Savarkar Biography

Q- When was Vinayak Damodar Savarkar born?

Ans- Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was born on May 28, 1883 in Bhagur village near Nashik city of Maharashtra.

Q- How many times did Veer Savarkar go to jail?

Ans- Veer Savarkar remained in jail from 4th July to 21st May 1921.

Q- What was the full name of Veer Savaskar?

Ans- His full name was Vinayak Damodar Savaskar.

Q- When did Veer Savaskar form Hindu Sabha?

Ans- On 6 January 1924, after completing the sentence of Kala Pani, he returned to India and formed the Hindu Sabha and played an important role in it.

Q- When did Veer Savaskar die?

Ans- Veer Savaskar died on 26 February 1966.

Q- When is Veer Savaskar Jayanti celebrated?

Ans- Veer Savaskar Jayanti is celebrated on 28th May.

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