Mahatma Gandhi Biography In English | Biography of Gandhiji in English

Mahatma Gandhi Biography In English: Hello friends, whenever we talk about the history of our country India, there is definitely talk of freedom struggle and there are definitely discussions on which fighters contributed in this freedom struggle. Read about India’s freedom fighters here. There were two types of fighters in this freedom struggle,

First -: Those who wanted to respond to the atrocities committed by the British by carrying out bloodshed like them, prominent among them were -: Chandrashekhar Azad, Sardar Bhagat Singh, etc.

There were other types of fighters -: who wanted to liberate the country by following the path of peace instead of this bloody scene, the most prominent name among them is -: Mahatma Gandhi. Due to his attitude of following peace, truth and non-violence, people started addressing him as ‘Mahatma’. Let us share more about this, Mahatma Gandhi Biography In English | Biography of Gandhiji in English, biography about mahatma gandhi in english, Information on Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi Biography In Hindi
Mahatma Gandhi Biography In English | Biography of Gandhiji in English

Mahatma Gandhi Biography In English | Biography of Gandhiji in English

NameMohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Mother’s namePutlibai
Father’s nameKaramchand Gandhi
BornOctober 2, 1869
Place of BirthPorbandar (Gujarat)
NationalityIndian
educationbarrister
Wife’s nameKasturba Gandhi
Children’s Name4 sons Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas, Devdas
religionhindu
castegujarati
Died30 January 1948
Mahatma Gandhi Biography In English | Biography of Gandhiji in English

Information on Mahatma Gandhi

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in a town called Porbandar in Gujarat. His father Karamchand Gandhi was the Diwan of Porbandar in the British Raj, while his mother Putlibai was a housewife of religious nature. Due to the religious and spiritual environment in the house, Gandhiji had a passion for spirituality since childhood and his mother’s religious nature also had a deep impact on Gandhiji’s life.

Gandhiji’s primary education was in Porbandar. In November, 1887, he passed his matriculation examination and in January, 1888, he took admission in Samaldas College, Bhavnagar and obtained a degree from here. After this he went to London and returned from there as a barrister.

Moving to London and exploring your career

Gandhiji wanted to become a doctor, but his father insisted that he become a barrister. At that time, England was the center of knowledge, so he had to leave Smaldas College in pursuit of his father’s dream. Despite his mother’s insistence and lack of resources, he was adamant on going to England. Finally, in September 1888, he left for England, where he entered the Inner Temple, one of the four law colleges of London. He also took the matriculation examination at the University of London in 1890.

During his time in London, he took his studies seriously and also joined a public speaking practice group, which helped him overcome his shyness to practice law. In an angry clash in London, some doctors went on strike demanding better pay and conditions.

Another important example in London involved his missionary work for vegetarianism. Gandhiji became a member of the executive committee at the London Vegetarian Society and also participated in various conferences and contributed articles to its magazine. During his visits to vegetarian restaurants in England, Gandhi met notable socialists, Fabians and theosophists such as Edward Carpenter, George Bernard Shaw and Annie Besant.

Mahatma Gandhi’s visit to South Africa

After completing his barristership from England, Gandhiji came to Rajkot and started practicing law. Meanwhile, on the invitation of Indian businessman Seth Abdullah, he went to South Africa to fight his case. There he had to go to Pretoria by train from Durban, for which he took a first class train ticket. In those days, black and Asian people in Africa were not allowed to sit in the first class compartment, so the British ticket checker pushed Gandhiji out at Pietermaritzburg station.

This incident shook Gandhiji from within and he took the initiative to raise his voice against this racism. Many historians consider this incident to be an important step in Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi’s journey to become Mahatma Gandhi. After this, he founded the Natal Congress in 1894 to raise his voice against racism in Africa.

Mahatma Gandhi’s arrival in India and contribution to the freedom struggle

In 1916, Gandhiji returned to India from South Africa and then started taking steps for the independence of our country. After the death of Congress leader Bal Gangadhar Tilak in 1920, Gandhiji was the guide of the Congress.

In the First World War that took place between 1914-1919, Gandhiji gave full cooperation to the British government on the condition that after this they would liberate India. But when the British did not do this, then Gandhiji started many movements to get independence for the country. Some of these movements are as follows

In 1920 -: Non-cooperation Movement,
In 1930 -: Civil Disobedience Movement,
Quit India Movement in 1942.

Actually, Gandhiji’s entire life was like a movement. But mainly 5 movements were launched by him, out of which 3 movements were launched in the entire nation and were very successful and hence people also have information about them. We can classify all these movements launched by Gandhiji in the following manner -:

Mahatma Gandhi Movement List

Description of all these movements is being given year wise as follows –

Gandhiji launched ‘Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha’ in 1918, which was the beginning of his movements in India and he was successful in this too. This Satyagraha was launched against the British Landlord. These British landlords were pressurizing and forcing the Indian farmers to grow indigo and at the same time the British were forcing these farmers to sell this indigo at the prices quoted by them and the Indian farmers were Didn’t want to do this. Then he asked for help from Mahatma Gandhi and because of this Gandhiji started a non-violent movement and in this he was successful and forced the British to accept his words.

This year itself, a village named Kheda in Gujarat was flooded and the crops of all the farmers were destroyed due to which the farmers there could not pay the tax imposed by the British government. Then the farmers there came to seek help from Gandhiji and then Gandhiji used the weapon called non-cooperation and started a movement to exempt the farmers from tax.

characteristic of movements

All the movements led by Mahatma Gandhi had some things in common such as –

  • All these movements ended non-violently.
  • No violent activity of any kind was allowed during the movement. If it started happening, Gandhiji used to stop the movement.

Social life of Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhiji was a great leader and at the same time in his social life also he was a person who believed in ‘simple living and high thinking’. Because of this personality of his, people started calling him Mahatma. Gandhiji was in support of democracy. Gandhiji was dependent on only two things, ‘truth and non-violence’. On the strength of these weapons, he liberated India from the British. Gandhiji’s personality was such that whoever met him was impressed as soon as he met him.

eradicating untouchability

Mahatma Gandhi also made a lot of efforts to remove the feeling of untouchability prevalent in the society. He started changing the name of backward castes in the name of God ‘Hari-Jana’ and every effort of his life was successful. Information on Mahatma Gandhi, biography of mahatma gandhi in english, biography about mahatma gandhi in english

Mahatma Gandhi’s Birth, Caste, Family, Wife, Son

Mahatma Gandhi was born in an area called Porbandar in Gujarat state of India. His father’s name is Karamchand Gandhi and he was the ‘Dewan’ of Porbandar, mother’s name is Putlibai and she was a religious woman. Gandhiji belonged to a Gujarati family. Mahatma Gandhi’s wife’s name is Kasturba Gandhi, Mahatma Gandhi had 4 sons whose names are Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas and Devdas.

Mahatma Gandhi’s death, age, name of the person who killed him

On January 30, 1948, Nathuram Godse shot and killed Mahatma Gandhi. Godse shot Mahatma Gandhiji dead with three bullets and his last words were ‘Hey Ram’. After his death, his mausoleum was built at Raj Ghat in Delhi. When Mahatma Gandhiji died, he was 79 years old and then he left after saying goodbye to all the countrymen.

Books of Mahatma Gandhi

  • Hind Swaraj
  • Satyagraha in South Africa
  • india of my dreams
  • ‘My experiments with truth’ an autobiography
  • Creative Program – Its Meaning and Place

Some interesting things about Gandhiji

title of father of the nation
The Government of India did not give the title of Father of the Nation to Mahatma Gandhi, but Subhash Chandra Bose addressed him as the Father of the Nation.

On the death of Mahatma Gandhi, a British officer said, “We did not allow anything to happen to Gandhi for so many years so that the atmosphere against us in India remained the same, but the same Gandhi could not survive even for a year in independent India.”

Gandhiji also started the Swadeshi movement, in which he said that all people should not use foreign things and should only use things made in India. He demanded all the people to boycott foreign goods and then he himself spun a charkha and made cloth for indigenous clothes etc.

Gandhiji also established some ashrams in the country and abroad, out of which India’s Sabarmati Ashram and Tolstoy Ashram became quite famous.

  • Gandhiji used to fast very hard for spiritual purification.
  • Gandhiji also tried for the unity of Hindus and Muslims in his life.
  • Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated all over India on Gandhiji’s birthday on 2 October.
  • After such sacrifices and great efforts for the country, he became a very great person. Gandhiji did countless important works in his life, his strength was only truth and non-violence and even today we can bring a lot of change in the society by adopting the principles believed by him.
  • Information on Mahatma Gandhi, biography of mahatma gandhi in english, biography about mahatma gandhi in english

FAQ: Mahatma Gandhi Biography In Hindi

Q: When was Mahatma Gandhi born?

Ans: On 2 October 1869

Q: Which caste did Mahatma Gandhi belong to?

Ans: Gujarati

Q: Where was Mahatma Gandhi born?

Ans: It happened in Porbandar, Gujarat.

Q: When did Mahatma Gandhi die?

Ans: On 30 January 1948

Q: Who was the spiritual guru of Mahatma Gandhi?

Ans: Shrimad Rajchandra ji

Q: What was the name of Mahatma Gandhi’s daughter?

Ans: Princess Amrit

Q: What did Mahatma Gandhi do for the country?

Ans: Had a special contribution in getting independence for India.

Q: Which book was written by Mahatma Gandhi?

Ans: Hind Swaraj: In 1909

Q: What is the autobiography written by Mahatma Gandhi?

Ans: The autobiography named Satya Se Sanyog has been written by Mahatma Gandhi.

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